Confession- I never used audio description until my first year in college, because I had believed one of the common myths about audio description and assumed that it wouldn’t be beneficial for someone with low vision like me. I was thrilled to discover that I was wrong, and have since spent a lot of time learning more about audio description and creating resources to help others learn more about this awesome tool. In honor of Audio Description Awareness Day, here are eight common misconceptions and myths about audio description and how it is used.
Audio description describes audio or audio description is another word for captioning
Audio description is an additional audio track that describes visual information in a nonvisual way so that viewers don’t miss out on important details. It is not a description of audio, and audio description typically doesn’t anything that is already explained by sound effects or dialogue. However, audio description and captioning services can be used simultaneously by users if needed, though the audio description track is not likely to be captioned.
- Fast Facts About Audio Description
- Described And Captioned Media Program Review
- A to Z of Assistive Technology For Low Vision
Audio description is only beneficial for people with visual impairments
While audio description services are designed for people who are blind or that have low vision, audio description isn’t just beneficial for people with visual impairments. Other people who can benefit from using audio description include:
- People who are sensitive to flashing lights, as audio description often gives users a warning before flashing or strobe lights appear on the screen
- People who want to watch their favorite content without having to look at the screen
- Anyone who asks a lot of questions when watching a movie or TV show
- Students who are taking notes about content for their classes and want to ensure they don’t miss any important information
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Users can only find content with audio description on streaming services
While it is easy to search for content on streaming services that has audio description (sometimes called video description or described audio), users can also configure audio description for content on live TV by turning on the Second Audio Program (SAP). When enabled, audio description will play for movies and TV shows that have audio description available, though for some content the SAP track is used for other purposes such as playing audio in Spanish.
A great source for finding out what content has audio description is the Audio Description Project from the American Council for the Blind, which is linked below.
- Mainstream Technology and Low Vision: Televisions
- Tips For Passing Time On Flights With Low Vision
- Audio Description Project website
Audio description is only used to describe video content
Audio description can be found in movies, TV shows, and other video content, but it’s also used in a variety of off-screen settings, including:
- Plays and musicals, including those on Broadway
- Performing arts events such as dance performances or comedy groups
- Amusement parks, such as Disney World/Disneyland
- National parks
- Art galleries
Users can also benefit from unofficial audio description services in the form of radio broadcasts at sporting events and similar commentary.
- Using GalaPro Audio Description at Chicago
- Using Audio Description at Dear Evan Hansen
- Visiting The Franklin Delano Roosevelt Museum With Vision Impairment
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- How To Use Audio Description Devices at Disney World and Disneyland
- Visiting The Museum of Modern Art With Vision Impairment
All TV shows and movies are required to have audio description
Captioning is required for 100% of new, non-exempt programming that is broadcast in the English language in the United States. While there is progress being made to have audio description available across all programming, audio description is not as widely available as captioning quite yet. However, the 21st Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act states that they expect to have 100% of new programming audio described by 2020, though no exact date is set.
Just like captions, audio description can be automatically generated
While there are lots of tools to help create automatically generated captions, audio description can’t be automatically generated. This is because audio description is much more subjective and requires a writer or narrator to examine a scene and determine the following information:
- Which information is relevant in the scene
- Write out a script for the narrator
- Find natural pauses within the scene to deliver the description
- Record the description
- Finalize the description and deliver the final product, sometimes within 24 hours
While some audio description uses synthesized voices, most audio description is still narrated by humans.
- Using Google Live Transcribe With Low Vision
- How To Create Audio Description For YouTube With YouDescribe
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Audio description tracks are the same across all platforms
At one point, I was watching a movie while I was on a plane (specifically The Breakfast Club) while using audio description. When I went to watch the movie again on another streaming service, I was surprised to find out that the audio description used a different script and narrator, and another streaming service had the movie with no audio description. This was surprising to me, as even though the movie on the plane had cut out a few short scenes, I had expected the audio description to be identical across services, and expected audio description to be available no matter where I was watching the movie. This is how I learned audio description tracks are not always the same across platforms, and sometimes platforms don’t have the audio description track at all.
- Watching Taylor Swift Reputation Stadium Tour With Audio Description
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Only professionals can create audio description
While audio description from professionals is definitely the best option whenever possible, amateurs can still learn how to create their own by following guidelines for how to deliver quality audio description. My favorite tool for creating audio description for YouTube videos is the free YouDescribe website, and I have written several posts about how to create audio description for several different types of content for YouDescribe.
- How To Create Audio Description For YouTube With YouDescribe
- Creating Audio Description for Music Videos With YouDescribe
- Creating Audio Description For Viral Videos With YouDescribe
- Creating Audio Description For Commercials With YouDescribe
- Creating Audio Description For Recipe Videos With YouDescribe
- Creating Audio Description For Science Experiments With YouDescribe
Summary of eight myths about audio description
- Audio description is different from closed captioning/text captions on videos
- Audio description is helpful for people with vision loss as well as people who are photosensitive, not looking at the screen, or who ask a lot of questions when watching videos
- Audio description can be found on live TV, on streaming apps, and on in-flight entertainment
- Outside of movies and TV shows, audio description is used in theater, plays, ballet, amusement parks, national parks, art galleries, and more
- Unlike captioning, audio description is not required on all programming
- Audio description must be written manually and cannot be automatically generated
- Audio description tracks are not shared between providers, so there can be multiple different audio description tracks on different platforms for the same movie/TV show
- There are options for creating amateur audio description, including the popular YouDescribe tool for YouTube