Veronica With Four Eyes

How To Make iPad Accessible for Low Vision

The iPad is considered one of the most revolutionary inventions of the 21st century, especially in terms of accessibility.  Personally, I have seen the amazing effects of having an iPad in the educational setting, at both the high school and college level.  It’s also been fantastic for making resources accessible, like digital textbooks.  However, before the iPad can be used by someone with low vision, it must be configured first.  Here are the settings I enable for the iPad/iPhone to help make the device possible to use for those of us who have low vision. All are found in the accessibility menu under general settings unless otherwise noted.  Altogether, it takes about ten minutes to enable all of the settings listed below.

Zoom

Zoom magnifies the entire screen and is great for using apps that have smaller font, such as ones for restaurants or apps optimized for use with iPhone. It can be adjusted to window zoom while typing so that the entire screen isn’t distorted. Note that screenshots taken with zoom enabled will not display the zoomed in image, but the whole screen with the display as normal. Zoom can be activated after being turned on in settings by double tapping with three fingers

Magnifier

This is a built in magnifying glass with the device’s camera, and different than using the zoom function. It is activated by triple clicking the home button when enabled as an accessibility setting. This is super helpful when I am somewhere and can’t see small print or images, and also works with both the front and rear facing cameras.

Display Accommodations

Color Filter

This allows for a tint to allow users with different forms of color blindness to access their devices, but I personally use it to add a background tint to reduce blue light. I have it on a mild intensity and full hue, and it acts similar to the blue light filter guard on my computer. If you’re wondering why it is easier to read things on a tinted background instead of a straight white background, read this post on colored backgrounds and the readability of font here.


Reduce White Point

Reducing white point makes whites on the screen less sharp and is extremely helpful for reducing glare. This can also make the dimmest display on the screen even dimmer when reduced to 75% or higher. Mine is at 50% at all times. To learn more about reducing eye strain with technology, read this post here.

Text

Larger text

Turn on large accessibility sizes and make text even larger! I have it on the largest available which is equivalent to about a size 36 font.


Bold text

Bold text creates larger weighted font that is easier to distinguish. This is especially helpful for people with dyslexia or other print disabilities that benefit from weighted text.

Button shapes

Button shapes puts backgrounds on buttons so they are high contrast and therefore easier to notice.  It can best be described as a subtle, shaded effect with easy to distinguish shapes.  The target area is also large, meaning the buttons are easier to press.

Increase Contrast

I reduce transparency and darken colors to create a high contrast display, a feature that integrates well with the button shapes.  This is not overly noticeable to other people who use my iPad, and I have found it does not have much of an effect with color display in photos- all colors look good.

Reduce motion

I reduce motion to disable animations that can hurt my eyes.  This is tremendously helpful for people who have prisms in their glasses, as fast moving animations can cause vertigo for some. People with photosensitivity also may appreciate having this setting enabled.

Accessibility shortcut

By triple clicking the home button, you can edit accessibility settings. I have guided access and magnifier on mine.  Siri is the default accessibility shortcut.  If more than one application is set, then a small menu will be displayed when the home button is triple clicked.

Restrictions

Found in general, this is the parental controls section of the device. While it may seem silly to set your own controls, this eliminates the gif keyboard in iMessage if you restrict websites for adult content. I recommend putting all of the websites you access often in the “always allow” section first, and keeping the passcode handy, as sometimes websites are randomly blocked.

By enabling these settings, a person with low vision will be able to harness all of the capabilities of the iPad and use it to enhance their ability to use assistive technology.

How to make iPad accessible for low vision and large print




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